Crop Insurance Income and Deferral Possibilities

Crop Insurance Income and Deferral Possibilities

 

LUTZ BUSINESS INSIGHTS

 

crop insurance income and deferral possibilities

adam jacobitz, tax & audit shareholder

 

Mother Nature can be fickle – some years your yield is plentiful, whereas other years crops can be damaged due to significant drought, insect infestations, floods, fire, etc. Thankfully, there are alternatives available for tax reporting purposes if you receive proceeds from crop insurance to cover your losses.

What is Crop Insurance?

In the United States, there are two main types of crop insurance:

  • Crop-Hail
  • Multi-Peril

Policies are available through the US government’s Federal Crop Insurance Program (FCIP), as well as through private insurance companies.

Crop-Hail insurance isn’t available through FCIP. These policies are offered through private insurance companies. Crop-Hail policies cover damage to crops due to, as the name implies, hailstorms. Hail is a unique weather anomaly that’s able to devastate a large portion of a crop field and leave the rest untouched. Crop-Hail policies can be purchased at any point in the season.

Multi-peril crop insurance (MPCI) is offered through the FCIP. You must purchase this type of policy before your crops are planted. MPCI policies cover many types of loss, such as:

  • Excessive drought or rainfall
  • Freezing temps
  • Blight or other crop diseases

More recent coverage options include:

  • Yield protection
  • Price protection
  • A combination of the two

These types of options can cover you in the event of a low-yield year or market fluctuation.

Ways to Defer Crop Insurance Proceeds

Before you elect to defer any proceeds, it’s important that you’re aware of the following:

  • The accounting method you use plays a role – you must use cash accounting
  • It must be your normal practice to defer your current taxability to a subsequent year
  • If you elect to defer, it applies to all proceeds you receive from crop insurance, regardless of the policy
  • When you file taxes for the year in which you’re reporting damages, you must include a deferral election statement along with the facts that support said deferral
  • You can amend your return to include a deferral election statement – but, once you’ve elected for deferral, it is irrevocable
  • If you’ve opted for coverage that protects in the event of market fluctuation, any applicable proceeds are not eligible for deferment
  • If you’re eligible to defer, the gross amount of proceeds prior to offset for premiums, is the amount used to calculate deferral

If you meet these criteria, there are two options for reporting crop insurance proceeds:

  1. You can report the proceeds as taxable income in the same year you receive them, or
  2. You can take advantage of tax law that states qualified taxpayers can report insurance proceeds or other disaster proceeds in the tax year following the actual loss – if it is your normal practice to report crop sales income the year after you receive it

The second option is a bit tricky. In order to take advantage of the second option, you must be able to prove, had your loss not occurred, that you would still have reported the crop’s income in a subsequent year – and the IRS doesn’t provide a detailed method as to how to prove this. It’s best to speak with your accountant, but a good rule of thumb is that, if you normally sell more than 50% of a crop the year after you harvest, you qualify for deferral.

Benefits of Deferring Crop Insurance Proceeds

It is beneficial for your farm’s bottom line if you’re able to report an insurance payment for a failed crop the year after you actually receive it – especially if you wouldn’t have seen profit from that crop till that following year.

The main benefit of crop insurance is to provide a safety net for those years in which your crops are damaged or otherwise unsellable. Crop insurance pays you what you would have made had you had a normal year – being able to defer those proceeds allows you to recoup any current losses from this year the following year.

OVERVIEW

Farming has a certain intrinsic risk. There are so many variables that could impact your harvest. It’s nice to know that if disaster strikes, you have options. The tax provision allowing deferment of crop insurance payments is a complex one – and has many hoops to scale. By speaking with your accountant, you can gain a better understanding of this strategy and see if you meet the requirements.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

402.463.8984

ajacobitz@lutz.us

ADAM JACOBITZ + TAX & AUDIT SHAREHOLDER

Adam Jacobitz is a Tax & Audit Shareholder at Lutz with over 14 years of tax and audit experience. He specializes in individual and business income taxation, housing industry audits, and consulting services.

AREAS OF FOCUS

 

AFFILIATIONS AND CREDENTIALS
  • American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Nebraska Society of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Affordable Housing Association of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • National Association of Housing & Redevelopment Officials - NE Chapter, Member
  • Certified Public Accountant
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
  • BA in Accounting & Finance with a Minor in Economics, Doane College, Crete, NE
COMMUNITY SERVICE
  • Faith Lutheran Church, Treasurer
  • Leadership Hastings, Past Board Member and Treasurer
  • Hastings Symphony Orchestra, Past Board Member and Treasurer
  • Hastings Community Foundation, Board Member

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Everything You Need to Know About the New Farm Bill

Everything You Need to Know About the New Farm Bill

 

LUTZ BUSINESS INSIGHTS

 

everything you need to know about the new farm bill

curtis thompson, tax manager

 

Those in farming and various other businesses tied to agriculture may experience some changes due to the 2018 farm bill, depending on their specific operation. The formal name for this bill is the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018. This bill was signed into law at the end of 2018, and most of the provisions and funding for programs will remain in effect until 2023 or longer. The USDA has published a summary that details most of the important changes and how they will affect certain farmers. Here are a few highlights to the bill changes:

Some highlights include:

  • Emergency programs for livestock, bees, and farmed fish will continue without much change.
  • The Conservation Reserve Program has an increased acreage cap which will move up to 27 million acres in 2023. Included are pilot programs for long term, 30-year contracts and short term, 3-5 year contracts.
  • Price Loss Coverage (PLC) and Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) remain
  • Both crop insurance and the SNAP program are mostly unaffected and will proceed as under the previous legislation with comparable levels of funding.

The government has budgeted over $400 billion to be spent under this new bill, divided into broad areas which are classified as nutrition, crop insurance, commodities, conservation, and other needs.

The main differences between the 2018 bill and the previous 2014 farm bill are decreases or increases in spending in certain areas, different ways of collecting and managing data, and some programs have not received re-authorization.

 

Important changes

Agricultural Risk Coverage will now be based on a trend adjusted yield that should result in higher guarantees for farmers. Crop insurance as a whole will receive more accurate data from the USDA-RMA and become a more advanced form of risk management.

Base acre reallocation is not allowed at all under the new bill, which will prevent farmers from legally increasing the base number of acres counted on their land.

PLC and ARC elections will be made for 2019/2020 and then annually for 2021-2023 versus a 5-year election in the previous farm bill.

ARC coverage is now tied to physical county instead of administrative county.

There are new rules and regulations for updating PLC payment yields. Even though a farmer/landowner may be utilizing ARC instead of PLC it is still in their best interest to update their PLC payment yields.

The Conservation Stewardship Program or CSP has been modified from an acre-based program to a dollar-based program.

Loan amounts related direct farming programs have been increased, allowing farmers to borrow more under various credit title programs.

Payment Limitations remain at $125,000 per year. If the payment limitation is being reached it is time to consult with a tax professional to structure entities to obtain more payment limits.

The overall policy of the bill is meant to compensate for lower income levels of many farms in recent years and adjust regulations to compensate for disruptions to agricultural exports. In other words, the government is trying to help farmers earn more or maintain their income levels through more precise regulation. This is partially meant to compensate for recent trade disputes and tariff issues with countries such as China and Mexico that have affected farmers.

 

In summary, the new farm bill should not have much of a negative effect on most businesses. It seems that loan amounts have been increased, terms for risk management have become more favorable, hemp has been legalized, and most previous programs will continue as in place with little change or disruption. Some farmers may be affected by the new regulations for conservation or base reallocation, but it seems that any impact will be minor or insignificant. Livestock farmers will also probably continue operations as before without noticing any changes in their day to day operations. Anyone concerned about changes in the bill should do some specific research or consult with a legal professional about how their operations will be affected, but it seems that the coverage and commentary surrounding these recent changes has mostly been positive.

 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

402.463.8987

cthompson@lutz.us

LINKEDIN

747 N BURLINGTON AVE

SUITE 401

PO BOX 1317

HASTINGS, NE 68902

CURTIS THOMPSON + TAX DIRECTOR

Curtis Thompson is a Tax Director at Lutz with over seven years of experience in public accounting. His experience includes tax planning, consulting and compliance for individuals and closely-held businesses with a focus in the agriculture industry.

AREAS OF FOCUS
AFFILIATIONS AND CREDENTIALS
  • Amerian Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Nebraska Society of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Certified Public Accountant
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
  • BSBA, Peru State College, Peru, NE
COMMUNITY SERVICE
  • Hastings Give Day, Volunteer
  • Our Lady of Assumption Catholic Church, Member

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HASTINGS

747 N Burlington Avenue, Suite 401

Hastings, NE 68901

P: 402.462.4154

OMAHA

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Omaha, NE 68154

P: 402.496.8800

Toll-Free: 866.577.0780  |  Privacy Policy

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LINCOLN 

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Lincoln, NE 68508

P: 531.500.2000

GRAND ISLAND

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Grand Island, NE 68803

P: 308.382.7850

Tax Cuts & Jobs Act + Ag Industry

Tax Cuts & Jobs Act + Ag Industry

 

LUTZ BUSINESS INSIGHTS

 

Tax Cuts & Jobs Act + Ag Industry

 

Jim Honz, Lutz Tax Shareholder, was recently featured on the Nebraska Grain & Feed Association’s (NEGFA) website for an article about the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) relating to the agriculture industry.

“In December 2017, Congress passed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), a once-in-a-generation tax bill that provides many generous tax reductions, including lower federal income rates, 100% expensing of depreciable personal property, larger tax credits for children, virtual elimination of the Alternative Minimum Tax, expanded use of Cash Method of Accounting, and a doubled estate tax exemption. It’s almost as if Congress made paying taxes voluntary. Said another way, if you’ve paid taxes on your 2018 return, you didn’t plan hard enough to avoid them.

Businesses seeking to grow and expand can take advantage of the 100% expensing election that applies not only to new property, but also used property. It applies to nearly all business property except land (of course), building structures and property purchased from related parties. Even land improvements such as parking lots, fencing, drainage and irrigation systems, and landscaping are eligible for immediate expensing.” 

 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jim Honz

402.492.2121

jhonz@lutz.us

JIM HONZ + TAX SHAREHOLDER

Jim Honz joined the firm in 1984 and currently serves as a Tax Shareholder. His areas of expertise include export tax incentives (IC-DISCs), choice of business entity, and methods of accounting (including Lifo Inventory). In addition, Jim works with tax-exempt organizations on tax and organizational issues.

AREAS OF FOCUS
AFFILIATIONS AND CREDENTIALS
  • American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Nebraska Society of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Certified Public Accountant
  • Silver Medal on CPA Exam for second highest score
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
  • BSBA in Accounting, Creighton University, Omaha, NE
COMMUNITY SERVICE
  • Catholic Charities, Past Board Member/President
  • Nebraska Organ Recovery System, Inc., Board Member/Treasurer
  • Creighton University Financial Advisory Committee, Past Alumni Member Appointed by CU President
  • St. Wenceslaus Church, Elected Parish Council Member (Vice President), Chairman of Finance Committee
  • Creighton University Accounting Department, Past Advisory Board Member
  • SIDs 398 (Pacific Springs) & 189 (Georgetown), Elected Trustee/Chairman
  • NSCPA, Political Education Committee Member

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HASTINGS

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P: 402.462.4154

OMAHA

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Omaha, NE 68154

P: 402.496.8800

Toll-Free: 866.577.0780  |  Privacy Policy

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LINCOLN 

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Lincoln, NE 68508

P: 531.500.2000

GRAND ISLAND

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Grand Island, NE 68803

P: 308.382.7850

Nebraska Grain and Feed Association + Tax Reform

Nebraska Grain and Feed Association + Tax Reform

 

LUTZ BUSINESS INSIGHTS

 

nebraska grain and feed association + tax reform

This webinar presentation, catered to the ag industry, will cover the ins-and-outs of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, a once-in-a-generation tax reform bill. Key takeaways from this presentation include information on individual changes, business changes, qualified business income deduction, opportunities to control taxable income, and more!

 

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HASTINGS

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Hastings, NE 68901

P: 402.462.4154

OMAHA

13616 California Street, Suite 300

Omaha, NE 68154

P: 402.496.8800

Toll-Free: 866.577.0780  |  Privacy Policy

All content © Lutz & Company, PC

 

LINCOLN 

601 P Street, Suite 103

Lincoln, NE 68508

P: 531.500.2000

GRAND ISLAND

3320 James Road, Suite 100

Grand Island, NE 68803

P: 308.382.7850

Analyzing the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in the Agriculture Industry

Analyzing the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in the Agriculture Industry

 

LUTZ BUSINESS INSIGHTS

 

Analyzing the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in the Agriculture Industry

 

Jerad Knott, Lutz Grand Island Tax Shareholder, was recently featured in Nebraska Cattleman, January 2019, Volume 75.

“The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 contains numerous provisions that impact the agriculture industry. No provision has created more uncertainty and questions than IRC Section 199A, commonly referred to as the qualified business income (QBI) deduction. But for all the uncertainty created, the opportunities it affords for tax planning are numerous. This article describes the deduction itself and then explores some of the more confusing and uncertain areas of the deduction.

In the simplest of terms, 199A allows for a deduction from taxable income of 20 percent qualified business income for taxpayers other than C Corporations. For married individuals with taxable income under $315,000, or single filers under $157,500, the deduction is 20 percent of taxable income excluding capital gains.”

 

VIEW THE FULL ARTICLE!

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jerad Knott

402.827.2363

jknott@lutz.us

3320 JAMES ROAD

SUITE 100

GRAND ISLAND, NE 68803

JERAD KNOTT + TAX SHAREHOLDER

Jerad Knott is a Tax Shareholder at Lutz with over ten years of experience in taxation. He provides tax planning, research, compliance and consulting services to privately held companies.

AREAS OF FOCUS
AFFILIATIONS AND CREDENTIALS
  • American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Nebraska Society of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Certified Public Accountant
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
  • BSBA, Hastings College, Hastings, NE
  • MBA, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE
COMMUNITY SERVICE
  • Ashland City Council, Past Councilman
  • Ashland Planning Commission, Member
  • ClubRed (American Red Cross), Board Member
  • Project Extra Mile, Past Board Member

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HASTINGS

747 N Burlington Avenue, Suite 401

Hastings, NE 68901

P: 402.462.4154

OMAHA

13616 California Street, Suite 300

Omaha, NE 68154

P: 402.496.8800

Toll-Free: 866.577.0780  |  Privacy Policy

All content © Lutz & Company, PC

 

LINCOLN 

601 P Street, Suite 103

Lincoln, NE 68508

P: 531.500.2000

GRAND ISLAND

3320 James Road, Suite 100

Grand Island, NE 68803

P: 308.382.7850

Nebraska Farm Bureau Announces New Health Plan

Nebraska Farm Bureau Announces New Health Plan

 

LUTZ BUSINESS INSIGHTS

 

Nebraska Farm Bureau Announces New Health Plan

CURTIS THOMPSON, TAX MANAGER
In an effort to lower health costs within the agriculture industry, the Nebraska Farm Bureau has recently announced its new large group association health plan which aims to provide personalized healthcare coverage for farmers, ranchers, and agribusinesses. This offering will allow qualifying members to enroll in affordable healthcare coverage for themselves, their families and their employees.
There are to be three plan options, which will include a standard copay plan, a higher deductible plan, and a lower premium co-insurance plan. Enrollment opens on October 1st and will end December 1st of 2018.
Eligibility Requirements:
  • 50% of gross income must be in production agriculture or agribusiness
  • Must have less than 50 employees
  • Full-time employees are eligible
  • Must be a Nebraska Farm Bureau member since 7/1/2018 to qualify for 2019
  • Must become a Farm Bureau member by 7/1/2019 to qualify for 2020

 


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

402.463.8987

cthompson@lutz.us

LINKEDIN

747 N BURLINGTON AVE

SUITE 401

PO BOX 1317

HASTINGS, NE 68902

CURTIS THOMPSON + TAX DIRECTOR

Curtis Thompson is a Tax Director at Lutz with over seven years of experience in public accounting. His experience includes tax planning, consulting and compliance for individuals and closely-held businesses with a focus in the agriculture industry.

AREAS OF FOCUS
AFFILIATIONS AND CREDENTIALS
  • Amerian Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Nebraska Society of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Certified Public Accountant
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
  • BSBA, Peru State College, Peru, NE
COMMUNITY SERVICE
  • Hastings Give Day, Volunteer
  • Our Lady of Assumption Catholic Church, Member

SIGN UP FOR OUR NEWSLETTERS!

We tap into the vast knowledge and experience within our organization to provide you with monthly content on topics and ideas that drive and challenge your company every day.

HASTINGS

747 N Burlington Avenue, Suite 401

Hastings, NE 68901

P: 402.462.4154

OMAHA

13616 California Street, Suite 300

Omaha, NE 68154

P: 402.496.8800

Toll-Free: 866.577.0780  |  Privacy Policy

All content © Lutz & Company, PC

 

LINCOLN 

601 P Street, Suite 103

Lincoln, NE 68508

P: 531.500.2000

GRAND ISLAND

3320 James Road, Suite 100

Grand Island, NE 68803

P: 308.382.7850