LB 312

LB 312: What Is It and How Does it Work?

Nebraska businesses have a great incentive program available to them through the Nebraska Advantage Act, or LB 312. This program was created to encourage certain Nebraska businesses that expand their current investment and employment by providing credits and refunds to offset income, sales/use or withholding taxes depending on your application type. Take a moment to learn whether your business qualifies for LB 312, what you need to know about the application process, and how to prepare yourself for potential audits of your business.

What Businesses Qualify for the Credit?

Currently, the businesses that most often qualify for the credits found in LB 312 include the following:
  • Business Headquarters
  • Manufacturers
  • Software Developers
  • Data Centers
  • Financial Institutions
  • Telecommunications Companies
There is one major catch to this list, however. While this list may seem relatively short and confined to only these six business types, companies should explore whether or not they can more broadly define their own activities to fit into a qualified category.

When & How to Apply

Regardless of how you are planning to use the benefit provided by LB 312, you need to apply before starting any new project, whether that’s your business moving from one building to another, expanding a current building, or building new. If you do not apply prior to the beginning of the project, you cannot receive the tax benefit. An important part of the application process is to be sure that you are describing your business accurately. The reason for this is because you want to be sure that you are putting your business in the best position to receive any and all benefits or credits.  You want to be sure to describe exactly how your business falls into any of the categories previously listed. If you don’t, your chances of being approved may diminish. You will also want to show that you are expanding any investment you’ve put into your business, which would go on your depreciation schedule or qualified leases and have proof of new employment. These two pieces help show the Nebraska Department of Revenue that your business is expanding and will be able to use LB 312 to your benefit.

What Are the Potential Credits?

Prior to 2006, the state of Nebraska only allowed credits to be used toward offsetting state income tax or sales/use tax. Beginning in 2006, businesses could begin to use these credits against employees withholding tax. This is a great option for companies that have a large number of employees but don’t sell enough to be approved for the benefits otherwise. Be sure of what credit amount you’re applying for, though. Lutz has worked with different businesses that have applied for credits of $300,000 to nearly $3 million.

Prepare for an Audit

After you’ve put together your application and sent it off for approval, be prepared for the fact that the Nebraska Department of Revenue will perform an in-depth audit of your business. It’s important to understand that the audit can take up to 18 months to complete and that you won’t begin receiving credits until the audit process has been completed. Applying for LB 312 can be complicated and getting it right is crucial. With extensive experience with LB 312, Lutz can help your business throughout the entire process.
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Stacy Watson



Stacy Watson is a Tax and Consulting Shareholder at Lutz with over 20 years of experience in taxation. She has in-depth experience in providing state and local, income, franchise, sales, use and escheat taxes.

  • Nebraska Society of Certified Public Accountants, Member
  • Certified Public Accountant
  • BSBA in Accounting, Creighton University, Omaha, NE
  • Junior Achievement Heartland Family Services, Past Member
  • St. Stephen the Martyr, Various Boards


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